The legend linked to the foundation of the Republic of San Marino revolves entirely around the figure of a Dalmatian stonemason. This story, written in Latin by an anonymous author of the 10th century, narrates that in 257 AD, at the time of the Roman emperors Diocletian and Maximian, Rimini had to rebuild its walls destroyed by a siege carried out by the king of the Liburnians.

The initiative stimulated the arrival in Rimini of many workers in search of work, including various stonecutters from Dalmatia, such as Marino and Leo, two stonecutters of the Christian faith who came from the island of Rab.

In truth, it is not exactly clear whether Marino arrived looking for work or fleeing from religious persecution, however in Rimini he began to work, making himself known for his great qualities as a worker and as a Christian man.

After some time, Marino and Leo climbed the nearby Monte Titano to extract stone and remained working here for three years.

Leo later decided to retire to Mount Feretro, located a few kilometers from Titano, where he built a cell and a small oratory.

Marino, however, returned to Rimini where he remained for another twelve years. At a certain point, however, he had to escape to take refuge again on the Titan because an evil and possessed woman had arrived from Dalmatia who claimed to be Marino's legitimate wife, meanly abandoned by the stonemason.

At the foot of the Titan near a place called Baldasserona Marino lived in the open for a year until he was discovered by chance by some local shepherds who spread the word.

His alleged wife immediately arrived on site and, for six days and nights, Marino isolated himself in fasting and prayer until the woman left.

Very true and very happy

Marino later moved to the top of the mountain where he built a small cell and a small church.
However, this arrangement did not please Verissimo, son of a local noblewoman, Felicissima, the legitimate owner of the place who decided to chase the hermit away by force.

In the attempted attack, Verissimo suddenly fell paralyzed in his arms and legs. His mother understood that the cause of her son's paralysis came from the offense committed against the holy man and begged Marino to restore her son's physical integrity: in exchange she would grant him anything. Marino restored Verissimo's strength and in exchange asked for nothing more than a corner of the mountain to practice his spirituality.

Felicissima not only paid homage to the Saint of the entire Mount but added the neighboring lands on which the Saint established his community of Christians.

Saint Marino died in 301 AD exhaling, together with his last breath, the words: Relinquo vos liberos ab utroque homine (I leave you free from both men, meaning Pope and Emperor).

September 3rd the anniversary of the foundation is celebrated of the Republic that took place and the patron saint Marino is commemorated. 

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