Even today, according to the ancient Statutes, the Heads of State change every six months. The Captains Regent are appointed by the Great and General Council at the end of March and the end of September. The handover between the outgoing Captains Regent and the new ones takes place on April 1st and October 1stand during a ceremony that has been repeated unchanged for centuries and is experienced with participation by the entire population.

The Captains Regent are the Heads of State. There are two of them and they exercise their office collegially.

The office of Head of State entrusted to two people is a peculiarity of the Republic of San Marino which has very ancient origins and is emblematic of the attention paid by the people of San Marino to avoiding the risk that personal powers could arise from positions of authority and command.

Making this attention even more explicit are the provisions relating to the duration of the office, set, since the Statutes of the 13th century, at six months and not repeatable for at least three years.

It is not surprising that this institute is the most loved and respected by the people of San Marino among all the bodies provided for by state law.

The Captains Regent

The Captains Regent are elected by the Great and General Council (the Parliament of the Republic of San Marino) from among its members.

Every semester, on 1 April and 1 October of each year, the evocative investiture ceremony is repeated in which the accredited Diplomatic and Consular Corps participates together with the State authorities.

On this occasion, an official speech is given by a personality from the world of science, culture, politics and history of international importance.

Thus, with the passing of the centuries, every six months, the Titan community looks out onto the world through the perspective of those who have high skills and responsibilities on specific issues that affect all of humanity.

Only original San Marino citizens who have reached the age of twenty-five can become Regents.
The position of Captain Regent cannot be renounced.
It prevails over any other office, which must be abandoned in the event of election.

The Captains Regent are entitled to the title of "excellence”. But at the end of their mandate they do not retain any prerogative or title, furthermore they are subjected to the judgment of the Regency Syndicate for "the done and the undone” within institutional competences.

Among the other peculiarities relating to the role of the Heads of State there is the ancient custom of the six-monthly Arengo.
Every six months, on the Sunday following the inauguration ceremony, the Captains Regent receive citizens, who can present petitions of public interest directly to the Heads of State.

These are the "Arengo requests”, an institute of direct democracy currently present only in the Republic of San Marino.

If the Captains Regent deem the requests admissible, they submit them to the Great and General Council for a vote on the matter. Each accepted request binds the Government to act accordingly.

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